Constructing a Fire Resistant Home: What Materials to Use?

In the case of structures and fire, it is not a matter of how likely it is to happen but when it will happen. Although no material for construction is fireproof, well-constructed structures and homes can help to avoid tragedies like this by using fire-resistant materials. Fire-resistant materials take longer for damage to occur when a fire occurs.

The aim is to create a structure where a fire does not spread quickly, giving people plenty of time to escape and emergency officials ample time to reach them. This is why the materials are evaluated on the time it takes an incident to affect their structural capacity.

Is it possible to build a fire-resistant home?

The threat of fire is a significant cause of concern for people who have made a considerable home investment. Some ways can help people be more prepared for the possibility of an emergency fire. To understand the importance of these materials, take a look through the five most essential materials that are heat resistant that are used to construct houses. They are listed below.

1. Fire-Resistant Glass

Windows are vulnerable parts of your house since they permit fire to enter. The extreme heat can break glass or cause combustibles to ignite inside your home even with no fire. This is why windows with double glazing with tempered glass at the exterior are superior to single-glazed ones. 

Double glazing can take two times longer to break during a fire, with the outer layer breaking first. Glass that is tempered is four times more durable. Think about wire or fire safety glass, which can hold together regardless of temperature. Window panes with smaller windows work better than larger ones.

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2. Stucco

Stucco is a centuries-old type of plaster that is used for decorative as well as structural reasons. Contemporary Stucco is a fire-resistant layer consisting of Portland cement, sand, and lime. It can be applied to bricks or wood. It is typically used in three or two coats on top of the metal mesh. 

A one-inch layer of Stucco can easily create walls or ceilings with a fire rating of 1 hour. Roof eaves and overhangs can be shielded from fire by wrapping them in fireproof materials, such as Stucco.

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3. Concrete

Concrete is highly heat-resistant and is used in a variety of constructions. It is among the most frequently constructed materials. The structure of concrete will not be destroyed by fire in a short time. This makes it easier for firefighters to fight the flames if they break out. Concrete’s low heat conductivity is a perfect fit to be used in this scenario. 

It could be the most critical heat-resistant material. It is instrumental in building foundations. Concrete is used to protect steel from fire in many structures, which proves its value to construction companies worldwide.

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4. Gypsum

Drywall, also known as “gypsum,” is another popular construction material treated chemically. It is a cost-effective and high-quality construction material that is easy to put up and looks stunning inside a home. With the help of plaster, gypsum can be an excellent building product that can be utilized to construct modern homes. In contrast to bricks or concrete, it’s less resistant to fire, but it is worthwhile if you choose to build your own home.

5. Brick

Bricks are made in a way that they naturally resist fire. One brick is more resistant to fire than a brick wall. This is because mortar is what holds walls together. However, it is one of the best and most frequently used fireproof construction materials. Brick walls can be rated as fire-resistant for between one and four hours, depending on the structure and the thickness of the wall.